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欧洲纺织服装组织支持反伪造协议

 

Euratex backs Anti-Counterfeiting Agreement
European Apparel and Textile Confederation (EURATEX) is advocating a fair world trade system for these European SMEs and their employees, which implies strong and efficient instruments for protecting creativity and innovation.
EURATEX officially represents the European Textile and Clothing Industry, largely made-up of 99% are Small and Medium companies (<15 employees) manufacturing myriad of highly creative products and which plays a crucial role on the economy and social well-being in numerous regions of the European Union and the Pan-Euro-Med area. According to the latest structural data available, in 2010 there were 149.000 companies employing 1.9 million people and generated a turnover of more than 172 billion.
Following the deregulating world trade, and beyond discussions on more or less judicious relocation and restructuring carried out by some companies in an attempt to remedy their current problems, lies the question of the protection of the dynamic and competitive creativeness of EU SMEs.
While famous brand names are (too) frequently quoted to illustrate counterfeiting and piracy, especially in our Industry, one must not forget that companies are also seriously affected by having their millions of designs copied (main assets of SMEs), as well as by the illegal and dangerous copy of a host of other products like airbags, babies' nappies, bullet-proof vests, fire-proof suits, or lift cables!
Whether they produce traditional, technical, high-tech textiles, or apparel, our enterprises are all hit by counterfeiting and piracy which, even if it does not always have a direct impact on the health and safety of European consumers, always dramatically harms the economy of our EU regions, with a direct impact on employment, and allows for the creation, evolution and continuation of intolerable illegal activities.
For all these reasons, EURATEX strongly believes that, because, more than other Institutions, it represents the interests of European citizens, employees, consumers and entrepreneurs, the European Parliament should vote in favour of Anti Counterfeiting Trade Agreement - ACTA.
EURATEX also urges the Member States which have not ratified yet this agreement to follow the model of the 22 countries which already did it in the interest of their enterprises, employees and citizens.
While clothing and labels (partially related to Textile) were representing 7% each of the total articles seized (with 7.778.535 articles seized in 2010, against 6 million in 2009), it must be highlighted that textile and clothing products still remain by far the products that generate the highest number of customs procedures, i.e. 26, 31% of the total procedures for the year 2010 (22.056 procedures on 79.112 procedures).
In 2010, the main countries of origin or provenance of textile and clothing (and accessories) counterfeiting is China with 76 % (against 45 % in 2005).
In 2010, the customs administrations of the Member States submitted details concerning the value of the detentions to the Commission for the first time. The standard value for reporting by Member States is the domestic retail value (DRV) which is the price at which the goods would have been sold at retail in the internal market of the Member State had they been genuine. Based upon this DRV, Clothing is in the Top 4 category (with cigarettes, sport shoes, and clothing accessories) with a DRV of:
- 177.903.953 for Clothing
- 25.252.664 for Clothing accessories
译文如下:
欧洲纺织服装组织支持反伪造协议
欧洲纺织服装组织(EURATEX)正在为中小企业和企业员工们提倡一个公平的世界贸易体系,这是一个保护创造力和革新力的强有力的工具。
欧洲纺织服装组织代表了欧洲的纺织业和服装业,是由99%的中小企业(员工总数小于15人)组成,这些中小企业制造大量高品质的创新产品,在许多欧盟地区的良好经济和社会领域中扮演着一个重要的角色。最新的有效数据显示,截止2010年,该组织已有14.9万个公司,190万名员工,1720亿欧元以上的营业额。
根据解除对世界贸易管制的政策,一些公司做出了或多或少的重新定位和重组,力图补救他们现在的问题,但是如何来保护欧盟中小企业中有竞争力的创造性呢?
著名品牌被频繁的伪造和剽窃说明,在成员国的产业中,公司正在因为成千上万的设计(中小企业的主要财产)被抄袭而受到了严重的影响,大量的产品被非法抄袭,例如汽车安全气袋,婴儿尿布,防弹背心,电缆,等等。不论抄袭者生产什么,传统的,工艺的或者是高科技的纺织品,还是服装,成员国的企业都因为各种各样的伪造和剽窃而受到了重创,即便不是总是直接影响到欧洲消费者的健康和安全,也很明显的伤害了欧盟地区的经济利益,抄袭者对成员国产品的创造,演化和发展进行的直接使用的非法行为,让人无法忍受。
因此,欧洲纺织服装组织比其他任何组织都确信,组织代表了欧洲市民,企业员工,消费者和企业家们的利益,欧洲议会应该投票支持反伪贸易协议—ACTA。
欧洲纺织服装组织呼吁全体成员国(包括还未被批准的)同意这项协议,已经有22个国家为他们企业,企业员工和市民们的利益做出了努力,请支持。
服装和商标(尤其是和纺织业相关的)占据了7%的被扣押的物品的比重,到目前为止还是如此,这些产品在海关程序上已达到最高值。
2010年,在对主要原产地国家纺织品及面辅料的伪造的比重中,中国占了76%(2005年的比重是45%)。
2010年,成员国海关局第一次向委员会提交了有关扣押意义的详细说明。成员国报告的标准价值就是国内的零售价值,即这些货品的价格就是成员国国内市场真正的零售价格。在这些标准价值中,服装位居第四(香烟第一,运动鞋第二,辅料第三),详细如下:
--服装177903953欧元
--服装辅料25252664欧元